& Stearns designed residences for nearly every housing
need; over 70 houses in Bostons Back Bay neighborhood;
resort cottages in Northeast Harbor, Maine; Lenox, Massachusetts;
and Newport, Rhode Island; and suburban and urban dwellings
in New England, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Missouri.
Formats and materials varied according to location and to
the clients wishes.
Ochre Point, Newport, Rhode Island
Original Owner: Catharine Lorillard Wolfe
Year Built: 1882
Current Owner: Salve Regina University
Material: Longmeadow, Massachusetts red sandstone.
Wolfe was purported to be the wealthiest single woman of her
was enormous168 long by 58 deep (later enlarged
by Hamilton McKown Twombly), decorated in Aesthetic Movement
style, with interior elements by William Morris, Burne-Jones
and Walter Crane.
See: Rebecca A. Rabinow. Catharine Lorillard Wolfe,
Apollo Magazine, March 1998; Sanitary Engineer Magazine, March
26, 1885; George W. Sheldon, Artistic Country Seats (1886-1887).
Rockhurst, Ochre Point, Newport, Rhode Island
Original Owner: Mrs. H. Mortimer Brooks
Year Built: 1891
Current Owner: Demolished. Carriage House privately owned.
Material: Rocky Farm stone and wood
The style of Rockhurst was influenced by the chateaux
of the Loire Valley. Mrs. Brooks resided on Fifth Avenue,
NYC, and had a summer house on Long Island in addition to
this massive cottage on Bellevue Avenue and The Cliffs. The
floor plan of Rockhurst incorporated open air terracing and
porches into the interior plan to a larger extent than perhaps
any other design by the firm.
See: William H. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse. Buildings
on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945. Providence,
RI: Brown University, 1982; Russell Sturgis. A Critique
of the Work of Peabody and Stearns. New York: The Architectural
Record Co. , Great American Architects Series,
No. 3, July 1896; Reprint, New York: Da Capo, (1896) 1971.,
Breakers, Ochre Point, Newport, Rhode Island
Original Owner: Pierre Lorillard
Year Built: 1877-1878
Current Owner: Destroyed by fire, 1892
Material: Brick and shingle
Breakers was Peabody & Stearns first significant
cottage on Ochre Point. Its Queen Anne styling, lavish decorations
and lush landscaping (Ernest Bowditch) were well published
in contemporary literature. The house was sold to Cornelius
Vanderbilt in October 1885, and remodeled; it later burned
in November 1892, making way for Richard Morris Hunts
monumental Breakers which currently occupies the site (Preservation
Society of Newport County).
See: George W. Sheldon. Artistic Country Seats. (New York:
Appleton, 1886-87; Charles H. Dow, Newport Past and Present,
Original Owner: George Nixon Black
Current Owner: Demolished
Kragsyde was probably Peabody & Stearns best
known cottage residence, both during their time and for generations
after; it is certainly the most frequently published image
of their work.